Policy Making

Federal education policies fall under distributive policies. These types of policies usually entail taking resources from one element and transfers it to another group or element. This often relates to education because of the relationship that can be made between income or wealth and education (Lenz, Holman, p. 285). It is believed by most of society that education is a key factor to the amount of economic opportunity (Lenz, Holman, p. 285).  This makes sense as typically those who are financially stable enough to pursue higher education will do so and therefore it increase their chances of earning a career with a higher income. Taking education and putting it towards economic opportunity.

Every Student Succeeds Act falls under distribute policies. Unlike the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) this new act allows states and local districts to have more freedom when it comes to their assessment systems and accountability of achievement for their students and schools. NCLB required to test students every year from 3rd – 8th grade and then again when they reached high school and while this still stands with ESSA, states now have flexibility in how and when they administer the tests (Korte, 2015). Before the federal government had a dominate role on education policies and with these new changes it releases some of that control and places into the hands of the states.

It’ll take some time before this act can be determined to be effective but so far seems to be heading in the right direction. Giving the educators the flexibility to adjust their testing techniques and material will be beneficial as they are the ones who work directly with the students, not government officials. Perhaps more regulations may need to be added to ESSA as it leaves achievement accountability to the states. If each state is establishing their own standards for what is deemed academically successful to pass each grade this could lead to states having quite a difference in academic requirements to pass a grade. For example, a student may meet standards for their grade in one state but may transfer to a different state and may meet below or above the standards in their new school.



Lenz, T. O., & Holman, M. (2013). American Government. Retrieved April 18, 2017, from http://ebooks.apus.edu.ezproxy2.apus.edu/POLS210/Lenz_2013_FullText.pdf

Korte, G. (2015, November 10). The Every Student Succeeds Act vs. No Child Left Behind: What’s changed? Retrieved from https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2015/12/10/every-student-succeeds-act-vs-no-child-left-behind-whats-changed/77088780/




Respond #2


I chose to write about the public policy of companies outsourcing their work to other countries and what affect it has on the American people and the economy, if at all. According to the American Glossary the term outsourcing came about from “outside sourcing” and was coined in approximately 1981. After researching outsourcing, it seems like every company outsources something. If there is a paper making company than they had to outsource to get the equipment they need. Outsourcing is simply the need to get something or get something done that doesn’t relate to the core of the business.(www.sourcemag.com). Another aspect of outsourcing is the multi sourcing tool which allow strategic use of in house and outhouse tools to get the job done as fast and cheap as possible some start ups because of how fast they need to get something done outsource all of their work and just become the brains behind the operation siting all of the other companies skills but making the final product into their own. Outsourcing is a very effective way of handling business but some companies take it to far and find the absolute cheapest workforce, often slave labor to work for pennies a day, working around U S A’s federal and state minimum wage. Infact Apple repeatedly finds themselves in trouble because they go to countries that don’t have a minimum wage law and force these people to work obscene long hours, often days on end. (breitbart.com) One source even claimed that Tin from child slavery is being used in iphones. This really goes to show the extreme lengths that people and corporations are willing to go to make a profit. They will put people’s lives on the line and use child labor to keep the profit revenue up. (p.148, Lentz .T) Luckily the media is useful in bruing these crimes to the common people’s eyes and legislatures ears. This must be stopped.


Outsourcing – What is Outsourcing? (2015, August 12). Retrieved April 18, 2017, from http://www.sourcingmag.com/what-is-outsourcing/


Chriss W. Street (2014, December 20). Apple Blamed for Slave Labor, Again. Retrieved April18, 2017, from http://www.breitbart.com/california/2014/12/20/apple-blamed-for-slave-labor-again/


Holman M, Lentz T (2013). American Government. Florida Atlantic

University Department of Political Science. Retrieved from

http://ebooks.apus.edu.ezproxy2.apus.edu/POLS210/Lenz_2013_FullText.pdf. Retrieved March 15, 2017.