Early Adulthood: Emotional and Social Development

1. A(n) _________ tie is a social link formed when we commit ourselves to another person and a(n)

___________ tie is a social link that is formed when we cooperate with another person to achieve a

limited goal.

A. expressive; instrumental B. instrumental; expressive

C. emotional; influential D. influential; emotional

2. Relationships that a person has with family, friends, and lovers are called:

A. private B. social

C. primary D. secondary

3. According to Erik Erikson, the primary task confronting young adults is:

A. intimacy vs. isolation B. integrity vs. despair

C. identity vs. role confusion D. generativity vs. stagnation

4. The median age at which men marry today is:

A. 19 B. 23

C. 25 D. 27

5. Research on the phases of adult female development has shown:

A. Men and women follow a similar pattern of adult development.

B. Women today are more likely to follow a variety of paths.

C. Intimacy is not an important factor in female development.

D. Female development closely approximates Erikson’s stages.

6. The three elements of passion, intimacy, and commitment are components of:

A. Levinson’s stage theory of development

B. Gilligan’s theory of women’s development

C. Sternberg’s triangular theory of love

D. Mogul’s theory of stock taking

7. The kind of love that only evokes passion is called:

A. nonlove B. companionate

C. infatuation D. romantic

8. A relationship that has intimacy and passion but lacks commitment is called


A. nonlove B. companionate

C. infatuation D. romantic

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9. Emme and Philip both describe their relationship as having passion, intimacy, and commitment.

According to Sternberg’s theory their relationship can be described as:

A. romantic love B. companionate love

C. fatuous love D. consummate love

10. According to the research cited in your textbook, marrying one’s great love:

A. is not associated with greater happiness in marriage

B. is associated with marital duration and satisfaction

C. is associated with higher rates of divorce

D. is no different than marrying someone else

Answer: B

11. The overall pattern of living whereby we attempt to meet our biological, social, and emotional

needs is known as:

A. lifeways B. life patterns

C. lifestyle D. relationships

12. A major step in the transition to adulthood is leaving the family home. In the past this usually

came about because of:

A. crowded conditions B. getting married

C. a family feud D. cheap housing

13. The pattern in the United States and many Western nations today is toward:

A. leaving the parental home at younger ages than in the past

B. marrying earlier yet choosing to live with the parents of one of the spouses

C. people aged 18 to 34 staying in the parental home as the primary residence

D. people aged 18 to 34 living on their own in communities composed mostly of young people

14. According to the recent U.S. Census data cited in your textbook, the percentage of 18- to 34-

year-olds never married is:

A. 60 percent male and 60 percent female

B. 50 percent male and 60 percent female

C. 50 percent male and 50 percent female

D. 40 percent male and 30 percent female

15. From 1970 to 2000, the median age at first marriage:

A. has decreased for both men and women

B. has increased for both men and women

C. has decreased for women but increased for men

D. has decreased for men but increased for men

16. Which of the following factors contributes to the increase in single households?

A. deferral of marriage among young adults

B. a high rate of separation and divorce

C. ability of the elderly to maintain their own homes

D. all of these

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17. Since 1960, the rates of cohabitation have:

A. declined slightly B. declined sharply

C. increased sharply D. remained the same

18. According to your textbook, which of the following statements is true regarding sexual


A. Sexual orientation in all people is clearly delineated as homosexual or heterosexual.

B. Sexual orientation is a matter of “either/or”; there are no degrees of variation.

C. Some individuals show varying degrees of orientation, including bisexuality.

D. Orientation is fixed at birth and never changes for all people.

19. A lifestyle practice that exists in all contemporary societies is:

A. polyandry B. polygyny

C. bigamy D. marriage

20. King David and King Solomon each had several wives. This practice is called:

A. polyandry B. polygyny

C. group marriage D. serial monogamy