Early Childhood: Physical and Cognitive Development

1. From birth to age 5, the rate of growth in height:

A. declines sharply B. increases sharply

C. proceeds at a steady pace D. declines gradually

2. Which statement characterizes the appearance of most children?

A. Before age 2 children are slim and wiry and gain weight after age 2

B. From ages 2 to 6 children are generally slimmer than prior to age 2

C. Children maintain a chubby, top-heavy appearance until after age 6

D. Children are generally slim from birth through around the age of 6

3. Which motor skill develops more slowly?

A. gross B. grand

C. balance D. fine

4. It is recommended that a vision exam by an optometrist be performed on a child by _______of


A. 5 to 6 years B. 3 to 4 years

C. 1 to 2 years D. 6 to 8 months

5. The brain of a typical 5-year-old will weigh _______ of its adult weight while her body will be

only about _______ of its adult weight.

A. 90 percent, one-third B. 50 percent, one-half

C. 30 percent, three-fourths D. 25 percent, nine-tenths

6. Cody has trouble sitting in his seat during class lessons and finds it difficult to focus on work

assigned to him in class or for homework. He bickers with his classmates and with his brother. His

pediatrician has suggested that Cody might benefit from Ritalin (methylphenidate). Cody has most

probably been diagnosed with:


B. autism

C. otitis media

D. Asperger’s syndrome

7. In general, a child can eat most of the foods in family meals at what age?

A. 6 months B. 1 year

C. 2 years D. 3 ½ years

8. According to recent research, what is the most common chronic disease of early childhood?

A. cancer B. diabetes

C. cavities D. multiple sclerosis

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9. Which of the following foods are common allergens?

A. eggs B. milk

C. peanuts D. all of these

10. In Westernized cultures, toilet training is usually mastered by:

A. age 1 ½ B. age 2

C. age 3 D. age 4

11. By what age do most children no longer require a daytime nap?

A. age 1 ½ B. age 2

C age 3 D. age 4

e h t s i t a h t e s a e s i d c i r t a i d e p c i n o r h c , s u o i r e s a s i _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ . 2 1 d l i h c r o f n o s a e r n o m m o c t s o m

. admission to the hospital and is a major cause of school absences

A. Measles B. Mumps

C. Asthma D. Diabetes

13. Research which found that identical twins raised apart had IQ scores more alike than fraternal

twins raised together would tend to support which view of intelligence?

A. environmental B. ecological

C. holistic D. hereditarian

14. According to Piaget, children between the ages of 2 and 7 are in which stage of development?

A. concrete operations

B. preoperational

C. conservational

D. formal operations

15. The theory that probes children’s developing conceptions of major components of mental

activity is called:

A. the theory of mind

B. mental constructs

C. cognitive conception

D. concept development

16. The study of sounds in a language is called:

A. grammatical awareness

B. syntax

C. phonology

D. semantics

17. Which statement about stuttering is true?

A. Girls are more likely to suffer from stuttering than boys are.

B. Geneticists do not currently believe that stuttering is inherited.

C. There are no effective intervention services available for stutterers.

D. Parents should see a speech pathologist for stuttering children.

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18. _________ refers to the retention of what has been experienced; _______ refers to remembering

what was learned earlier (for example, a scientific concept).

A. Recall; memory

B. Memory; recall

C. Recognition; memory

D. Recognition; recall

19. According to Piaget, preschool children have an underdeveloped moral sense because they lack

the ability to:

A. show altruistic behavior

B. understand intentionality

C. have sympathetic feelings

D. communicate their feelings

20. The developmental psychologist who researched the development of moral reasoning by

studying differences in children’s reasoning about moral dilemmas is:

A. Lev Vygotsky

B. Noam Chomsky

C. Lawrence Kohlberg

D. Howard Gardner

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