Middle Adulthood: Physical and Cognitive Development

1. As of 2005, the average life expectancy of U.S. men and women at age 65 was:

A. mid 60s B. late 60s

C. 70s D. 80s

2. Some of the common causes of hearing loss include:

A. cochlear damage due to prolonged exposure to loud noise

B. lack of good muscle tone in the middle ear

C. job-related noise levels

D. all of these

3. Regina and Joanne are in their mid 40s. They are discussing the signs of aging that are affecting

their appearance. What in particular are they likely to be discussing?

A. skin that is drier, thinner, and less elastic

B. skin that is sagging and wrinkled on the face and at the joints

C. dark patches of skin on the face and hands

D. all of these

4. In general, compared to women, men have better-looking skin as they age because:

A. They do not moisturize their skin as women do.

B. They do not wear make-up the way that women do.

C. Their skin tends to be thicker than women’s skin.

D. They slough off dead skin cells when they shave.

5. Ron and Delores are both 35 years old, but tests show that Delores has lost bone mass while Ron

has not. This is because:

A. men have more bone mass than women

B. men retain more calcium

C. women lose bone mass more slowly as they age

D. men are more muscular

6. An inflammatory disease that causes pain, swelling, stiffness, and loss of function of the joints is


A. rheumatoid arthritis B. arteriosclerosis

C. osteoarthritis D. calcitonin

Page 1 (Chapter 15 Survey)

7. Which of the following statements is true about prostate cancer?

A. It is the second leading cause of cancer death in men.

B. In general, most prostate cancers are fast growing.

C. Japanese men have the highest rates of prostate cancer.

D. Prostate cancer is most prevalent in men under 50 years of age.

8. According to a study cited in your textbook, what percent of men over the age of 40 experience

potency problems?

A. 10 percent B. 20 percent

C. 35 percent D. 50 percent

9. Hypertension affects what percent of adults in the United States?

A. half B. one in ten

C. one in four D. one in twenty

10. According to your textbook, the leading cause of death for women in the U.S. is:

A. colon cancer B. lung cancer

C. breast cancer D. skin cancer

11. When blood circulation to the brain fails, it leads to:

A. cardiovascular disease B. stroke

C. Parkinson’s disease D. seizure

12. Trembling in hands, arms, legs, jaw, and face; rigidity or stiffness of limbs and trunk; slowness

of movement; postural instability or impaired balance and coordination are symptoms most closely

associated with:

A. Alzheimer’s disease B. stroke

C. cardiovascular disease D. Parkinson’s disease

13. Which of the following statements is true?

A. Studies report infidelity occurring in 20 to 25% of marriages.

B. About 50 percent of married men and 50 percent of married women say they have been


C. More women than men have admitted to being unfaithful.

D. A majority of both men and women have had only one sex partner since the age of 18.

14. The probability of HIV-positive women infecting their male partners with the virus was found

to be:

A. significantly high B. significantly low

C. about the same as the probability of HIV-positive men infecting their female partners

D. about the same as the probability of HIV-positive women infecting their female partners

15. How is crystallized intelligence acquired?

A. in the course of social experience

B. through genetically preset maturation

C. through changes in crystal structures in the brain

D. solely through formal education